Human Resources

Labour Force And Employment
On the basis of the estimated population of 148.72 million and the participation rate of 29.61 percent, as per the Labour Force Survey 2001-02, the total labour force is estimated at 45.05 million. Of this, 30.19 million or 67.03 percent is in the rural areas and 14.85 million or 32.97 percent is in the urban areas.

Population Growth and Literacy Rates (1999 to 2003)

Mid Year

Total Population (Million)

Growth Rate (%)

Literacy Rate (%)

Rate

% Change

1999
2000
2001
2002
2003

136.64
139.76
142.86
145.96
149.03(E)

2.29
2.24
2.22
2.16
2.10

45.0
47.1
49.0
50.5
51.6

3.2
4.7
4.0
3.1
2.2

 E: Estimated
Source: Population Census Organization & Ministry of Planning & Dev. Division


Selected Demographic Indicators

Indicators Year (2003)

Total Fertility Rate (TFR)
Crude Birth Rate (CBR)
Crude Death Rate
Infant Mortality Rate (IMR)
Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR)
(per 100 thousand live birth)
Life Expectancy Male
Female

4.3
27.3
8
83
350-435

63
 

 

Employed Labour Force By Sectors

(No. in million)

Sector

 2003
  No. % Share

Agriculture:  
Manufacturing & Mining:  
Construction:  
Wholesale & Retail Trade:  
Transport:  
Finance, Insurance, Community & Social Services:  
Others:  

19.08
4.55
2.28
5.32
1.98
5.92
0.28
48.42
11.55
5.78
13.50
5.03
15.02
0.70

Total:   

39.41 100.00