It was, therefore, with a sense of supreme satisfaction at the fulfillment
of his mission that Jinnah told the nation in his last message on 14 August,
1948: "The foundations of your State have been laid and it is now for you to
build and build as quickly and as well as you can". In accomplishing the
task he had taken upon himself on the morrow of Pakistan's birth, Jinnah had
worked himself to death, but he had, to quote Richard Symons, "contributed
more than any other man to Pakistan's survival". He died on 11 September,
1948. How true was Lord Pethick Lawrence, the former Secretary of State for
India, when he said, "Gandhi died by the hands of an assassin; Jinnah died
by his devotion to Pakistan".
A man such as Jinnah, who had fought for the inherent rights of his people
all through his life and who had taken up the somewhat unconventional and
the largely misinterpreted cause of Pakistan, was bound to generate violent
opposition and excite implacable hostility and was likely to be largely
misunderstood. But what is most remarkable about Jinnah is that he was the
recipient of some of the greatest tributes paid to any one in modern times,
some of them even from those who held a diametrically opposed viewpoint.
The Aga Khan considered him "the greatest man he ever met", Beverley
Nichols, the author of `Verdict on India', called him "the most important
man in Asia", and Dr. Kailashnath Katju, the West Bengal Governor in 1948,
thought of him as "an outstanding figure of this century not only in India,
but in the whole world". While Abdul Rahman Azzam Pasha, Secretary General
of the Arab League, called him "one of the greatest leaders in the Muslim
world", the Grand Mufti of Palestine considered his death as a "great loss"
to the entire world of Islam. It was, however, given to Surat Chandra Bose,
leader of the Forward Bloc wing of the Indian National Congress, to sum up
succinctly his personal and political achievements. "Mr Jinnah", he said on
his death in 1948, "was great as a lawyer, once great as a Congressman,
great as a leader of Muslims, great as a world politician and diplomat, and
greatest of all as a man of action, By Mr. Jinnah's passing away, the world
has lost one of the greatest statesmen and Pakistan its life-giver,
philosopher and guide". Such was Quaid-i-Azam Mohammad Ali Jinnah, the man
and his mission, such the range of his accomplishments and achievements.